***Attis of Phrygia predated Christ. Before and during the years the Christian Gospels were written (from the reign of Claudius,
AD 41 – 54) the Festival of Joy, celebrated Attis’ death and rebirth was celebrated yearly in Rome.
Birth Attis of Phrygia was born of the Virgin Nana on December 25th. He was both the Father and the Divine Son.
The Festival of Joy — the celebration of Attis’ death and rebirth
Attis’ worshipers at a sacramental meal of bread and wine. The wine represented the God’s blood; the bread became the body of the savoir. They were baptized in this way: a bull was placed over a grating, the devotee stood under the grating. The bull was stabbed with a consecrated spear. “It’s hot reeking blood poured in torrents through the apertures and was received with devout eagerness by the worshiper…who had been born again to eternal life and had washed away his sins in the blood of the bull.” [for more see Frazer, Attis, chapter 1]
Attis was called “the Good Sheppard,” the “Most High God,” the “Only Begotten Son” and “Savior.”
Similarities between Attis and the Christian story of Jesus:
- Attis was born on December 25th of the Virgin Nana.
- He was considered the savior who was slain for the salvation of mankind.
- His body as bread was eaten by his worshippers.
- His priests were “eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven.”
- He was both the Divine Son and the Father.
- On “Black Friday,” he was crucified on a tree, from which his holy blood ran down to redeem the earth.
- He descended into the underworld.
- After three days, Attis was resurrected on March 25th (as tradition held of Jesus) as the “Most High God.”
- It is recorded that Attis was represented as a “a man tied to a tree, at the foot of which was a lamb, and, without doubt also as a man nailed to a tree…”
- Itis reported that on March 22nd, a pine tree was felled and “an effigy of the god was affixed to it, thus being slain and hung on a tree…” Later the priests are supposed to have found Attis’ grave empty.
The Early Church, Henry Chadwick, Penguin Books, 1993, page 24
Search the Internet for Attis – Many references.
***Adonis of Syria : Greek version of Semitic Adonai, “The Lord,” a castrated and sacrificed savior-god whose love-death united him with Aphrodite, or Asherah, or Mari. In Jerusalem, his name was Tammuz.
Adonis was born at Bethlehem, in the same sacred cave that Christians later claimed as the birthplace of Jesus. He was the son of the Virgin Myrrha, a temple-woman or hierodule, identified with Mary by early Christians who called Jesus’s mother Myrrh of the Sea. Myrrh was a symbol of the Lord’s death, in both pagan and Christian traditions. He returned to his Great Mother, the Sea, Aphrodite-Mari. Alexandrian priestesses celebrated the event by throwing the god’s image into the sea.
Syrian Adonis died at Easter time, with the flowering of the red anemone, supposedly created from his blood. Its name was derived from his title, Naaman, “darling.” He was also called the Beautiful God, like other gods of the spring flowering, such as Narcissus, Antheus, Hyacinthus.
Another form of the same god was Anchises, castrated after his mating with Aphrodite. Adonis, too, was castrated: “gored in the groin” by Aphrodite’s boar-masked priest. His severed phallus became his “son,” the ithyphallic god Priapus, identified with Eros in Greece or Osiris-Min in Egypt. Priapus carried a pruning knife in token of the Lord’s necessary castration before new life could appear on earth.
Castrating the god was likened to reaping the grain, which Adonis personified. His rebirth was a sprouting from the womb of the earth. Each year, sacred pots called “kernos” or “gardens of Adonis” were planted with wheat or millet, and allowed to sprout at Easter. The custom was followed in Mediterranean countries up to the present century. The clay pot signified the womb. Sometimes in processions it was a gigantic kernos carried on a chariot, having the special name of kalanthos.
Adonis died and rose again in periodic cycles, like all gods of vegetation and fertility. He was also identified with the sun that died and rose again in heaven. An Orphic hymn said of him: “Thou shining and vanishing in the beauteous circle of the Horae, swelling at one time in gloomy Tartarus, at another elevating thyself to Olympus, giving ripeness to fruits.” He was buried in the same cave (womb) that gave him birth. It is now the Milk Grotto, whose dust is supposed to benefit nursing mothers; it was said Mary nursed Jesus there. The Grotto was sealed as Jesus’s sepulchre, for in the cults of both Jesus and Adonis the virgin womb was the same as the virgin tomb, “wherein never man before was laid” (Luke 23:53).
The Magic Papyri said Jesus and Adonis also shared the same name-magic. “Adonai” was the highest god, having the True Name that could work miracles. Centuries later, Christian authorities declared that “Adonai” was a demon.
The Woman’s Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets, by Barbara G. Walker
Similarities between Adonis and the Christian story of Jesus
- He was considered the savior who was slain for the salvation of mankind.
- Attis was resurrected in spring time.
Reference: The Woman’s Encyclopedia of Myths and Secrets, by Barbara G. Walker
***Dionysus (Bacchus) is mostly known as the patron god of wine, though he was considered the Greek and Roman patron of
many titles. This allows critics to make the illogical connection between Dionysus being the god of wine and Jesus
DECEMBER 25 BIRTH There is no record of this date being significant for Dionysus. Like Attis, Dionysus is
associated with the annual return of spring.
VIRGIN BIRTH There are two birth accounts concerning Dionysus (neither implies a virgin birth):
- Zeus impregnates a mortal woman, Semele, much to the jealously of Hera. Hera convinces Semele to ask
Zeus to reveal his glory to her but because no mortal can look upon the gods and live, Semele is instantly
incinerated. Zeus then takes the fetal Dionysus and sews him into his own thigh until his birth. Source
- Dionysus is the product of Zeus and Persephone. Hera becomes insanely jealous and tries to destroy the
infant by sending the Titans to kill him. Zeus comes to the rescue but it’s too late- the Titans had eaten
everything but Dionysus’ heart. Zeus then takes the heart and implants it into the womb of Semele. As we
can see, no virgin birth takes place but this is how Dionysus is said to have become a rebirth deity as he
is twice born in the womb. Source
TRAVELING TEACHER Dionysus was said to have traveled far and wide (whereas Jesus concentrated His
ministry in Judea) to teach men “the secrets of the vine” (how to make wine) and to spread his religious rites. He
was never believed to be a spiritual teacher like Jesus.
EUCHARIST To celebrate Dionysus’ rebirth after being devoured by the Titans, cult members would take either a
live human or animal, tear the victim apart limb by limb, and eat the flesh raw. The sacrifice would be eaten in a
cannibalistic manner so the followers could pay homage to their god. However this story relates more to the
myths surrounding Tantalus than the Christian communion.
TRIUMPHANT ENTRY Critics claim Dionysus is often pictured as riding a donkey amid crowds waving branches
of ivy. However, this is only a description of his regular entourage who traveled with him (not a specific pre-
passion entry). These individuals were maenads and satyrs who would follow Dionysus with branches entwined
with ivy and grapes- cult symbols representative of the wine god. Jesus on the other hand had a specific
triumphant entry upon entering Jerusalem while human crowds waved palm branches (Jewish symbols). I also
found a messianic prophecy in Genesis 49:11 (written in approximately 1400 B.C.- way before Dionysus) which
foretells Jesus (literally) tethering his donkey with a vine and (symbolically) washing his robes in wine (a
reference to His death). Not that I am accusing the Greeks/Romans of creating a deity around a single Bible
passage, but if we want to get technical, the Bible groups these three objects together long before Dionysus was
a twinkle in the eyes of mythology.
WATER INTO WINE Dionysus was the god of mythology who gave King Midas the power to turn whatever he
touched into gold. Likewise, he gave the daughters of King Anius the power to turn whatever they touched into
wine, corn, or oil. Considering Dionysus was the god of wine, this should come as no surprise. Regardless,
though there are tales where Dionysus supernaturally fills empty vessels with wine, the act of turning water into
wine does not occur.
RESURRECTION The “resurrection” account of Dionysus stems from the tale of him being reborn after his attack
by the Titans. As we can see, this has nothing to do with the resurrection story of Jesus. Furthermore, we are told
after Dionysus completes teaching his followers his religious rites, he ascends to Mount Olympus to be with the
other deities- alive and well. His infant rebirth, like Attis, is symbolic of the vegetation cycle- not the atoning of
SIMILAR TITLES The following is a list of alleged titles Dionysus is claimed to share with Jesus. Though in the
past we have been able to show some obscure similarities, this list is an obvious fabrication:
- King of Kings. Dionysus was only a semi-deity. Zeus was the head god according to the mythology.
- Only Begotten Son. Zeus had many relationships with women where he fathered several other children.
- Alpha and Omega. Dionysus had a distinct beginning to his existence.
- Lamb of God. Dionysus is associated with a bull, serpent, wine, and ivy, but never as a lamb.
The titles I did find for Dionysus are The Bull, The Goat Shooter, The Torch, Dionysus of the Knoll, Meat-Eater,
Dionysus of the Vine, and Savior (though the term savior was attributed later to Dionysus for promising carnal
pleasure in the afterlife. The only person he saved from Hades was his mother, Semele.).